definition of flash point and fire point pdf Tuesday, May 4, 2021 9:40:51 PM

Definition Of Flash Point And Fire Point Pdf

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Flammable Liquids and Class 3

The flash point of a material is the lowest temperature at which the application of test flame causes the vapours from the material momentarily catch fire in the form of a flash under specified conditions of test.

In practical view the fire point is the lowest temperature at which the application of test flame causes the material to ignite and burn at least for 5 seconds under specified conditions of test. At high temperatures, bituminous materials emit hydrocarbon vapours which are susceptible to catch fire. Therefore the heating temperature of bituminous material should be restricted to avoid hazardous conditions.

Flash point and fire point tests are used to determine the temperature to which bituminous material can safely be heated. To determine flash point and fire point of the bituminous material. The stirring device consists of a vertical steel shaft of 2. It carries two bladed brass propellers. Cover proper is made of brass and fits the outside of the cup closely. It has four openings see in the Fig. Opening A has an area defined by area of two concentric circles.

Opening B and C are of equal areas and approximately half the angular width of opening A. Opening D is provided to grip the thermometer collar. It is so shapped and mouned that it rotates on the axis of the horizontal centre of the lid. On one extreme position, the opening A, B and C of the lid are completely closed and when in the other extreme position, these orifices are completely opened.

Exposure device — having a tip with an opening 0. The device is equipped with an operating mechanism which, when the shutter is in open position, depresses the tip so that the centre of orifice is between the planes of the under and upper surfaces of the lid proper. A pilot flame for automatic relightining of the exposure flame should be provided.

The top plate is made of metal and it can be attached to the air bath with the help of three screws in such a manner to leave an air gap. Apply the test-flame by operating the device controlling the shutter and test flame burner so that the flame is lowered in 0. Discontinue stirring during the application of test flame. The standard Pensky-Martens tester and thermometers as prescribed in previous method is used with slight modifications.

The cover of the cup is replaced by a clip which encircles the upper rim of the cup and carries the thermometer and test flame. The test flame is fixed at the vertical axis of the cup and in level with the upper edge of the cup. The determination of flash point is helpful in assessing the safe limits of heating the bitumen.

The heating temperature of bitumen should be limited well below the flash point. Marshall mix design method, apparatus and procedure. Aggregate Impact value Test Apparatus, Procedure and uses. Penetration test of Bitumen. Ductility Test of Bitumen and uses for Road construction. How concrete is made. Your email address will not be published.

Skip to content. What is Flash point and Fire point of Bitumen? Setting of Pensky Martens closed Tester. Application of fire. Fig 3: Flash Point Stage of Bitumen. Previous Stripping value Test of Road Aggregate. Next Ring and ball test apparatus for Softening Point of Bituminous material.

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First principles: No. 4. Flash & Fire Points

Download as a PDF file. Fluid to be tested is placed in a cup along with a temperature probe. The cup is placed on a hot plate and an ignition source gas flame or electric arc is located just above the cup. The hot plate is turned on. As it heats up, the fluid produces vapors. This is the flash point. Continuing to heat, the fluid produces more and more vapor.

Flammable and Combustible Liquids Overview

Flash point: the lowest temperature at which vapours above a liquid will ignite when exposed to an ignition source. For example, the flash point of a No. Materials transported above their flash points present a significant risk of fire if they come into contact with electrical equipment, electrostatic sparks, automotive ignition systems, open flames, and other ignition systems. Fire point: the lowest temperature at which the vapours evolve above a liquid at a sufficient rate to support ongoing combustion; e. The presence of other substances in the liquid; e.

Significance of Flash Fire Points

ASTM D92 - Flash / Fire Point

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Historical Version s - view previous versions of standard. Work Item s - proposed revisions of this standard. More D

Fire safety includes fire signs, tags and labels from Safety Emporium. Flash point is the lowest temperature at which a liquid can gives off vapor to form an ignitable mixture in air near the surface of the liquid. The lower the flash point, the easier it is to ignite the material. A closely related and less common term is fire point , the temperature at which the flame becomes self-sustained so as to continue burning the liquid at the flash point, the flame does not need to be sustained. The fire point is usually a few degrees above the flash point.


the purpose of obtaining the accurate flash point (9,). Although the fire point is defined as the lowest fuel temperature at which the diffusion flame is.


The flash point of a volatile material is the lowest temperature at which its vapors ignite if given an ignition source. The flash point is sometimes confused with the autoignition temperature , the temperature that causes spontaneous ignition. The fire point is the lowest temperature at which the vapors keep burning after the ignition source is removed. It is higher than the flash point, because at the flash point more vapor may not be produced fast enough to sustain combustion.

And, because of its low cost, simplicity and versatility, the test is popular among the used oil analysis community as well. The flash point is the lowest temperature at which the vapor above the oil sample will momentarily ignite or flash when an ignition source is passed over it. The flash point typically degrees C or degrees F for mineral oils is an indication of the safety hazards of a lubricant with respect to fire and explosion. However, the flash point should not be confused with the auto ignition temperature AIT , which is the temperature typically degrees C or to degrees F for mineral oils at which the oil vapor will combust spontaneously without an ignition source.

The flash point of a material is the lowest temperature at which the application of test flame causes the vapours from the material momentarily catch fire in the form of a flash under specified conditions of test. In practical view the fire point is the lowest temperature at which the application of test flame causes the material to ignite and burn at least for 5 seconds under specified conditions of test. At high temperatures, bituminous materials emit hydrocarbon vapours which are susceptible to catch fire. Therefore the heating temperature of bituminous material should be restricted to avoid hazardous conditions.

2 Comments

Rob O. 06.05.2021 at 20:01

Using continuously closed cup flash point standards ASTM D and ASTM D

Baphykela 14.05.2021 at 21:51

The flash point is defined as the lowest temperature at which a flammable liquid gives off sufficient vapor to form an ignitable mixture with air near its surface or.

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