File Name: types of viruses and related threats .zip
Intrusion Techniques The objective of an intruder is to gain access to a system or to increase the range of privileges accessible on a system This requires the intruder to acquire the infor that should have been protected In most cases this infor is in the form of a user password With the knowledge of some others password , an intruder can log on to the system and use all the privileges accorded to the legitimate user. Commonly used intrusion techniques are Viruses , Worms and Trojan horse 1. Thus the infected pgm can be spread from computer to computer by unsuspecting users Nature of Viruses Virus can do anything that other pgms do The diff is that it attaches itself to another pgm and executes secretly when the host pgm is run Once a virus is executing it can then perform any function such as erasing files and pgms A virus has 4 stages during its lifetime: 1. Dormant Phase Here the virus is idle. The virus in this stage will be activated by some event or the presence of another pgm etc Not all virus have this stage.
Appendix A. Types of Computer Threats. In a wider sense, the term "threat" may be used to indicate any type of potential danger to the security of the computer or network that is, vulnerabilities that can result in hacker attacks. Programs that do not conceal their presence e. In Doctor Web classification, all threats are divided according to the level of severity into two types:. This type of computer threats consists of software that is traditionally referred to as malware malicious software , that is, viruses, worms and Trojans.
People tend to play fast and loose with security terminology. However, it's important to get your malware classifications straight because knowing how various types of malware spread is vital to containing and removing them. This concise malware bestiary will help you get your malware terms right when you hang out with geeks. A computer virus is what most of the media and regular end-users call every malware program reported in the news. Fortunately, most malware programs aren't viruses.
Computer security threats are relentlessly inventive. Masters of disguise and manipulation, these threats constantly evolve to find new ways to annoy, steal and harm. Arm yourself with information and resources to safeguard against complex and growing computer security threats and stay safe online. Perhaps the most well-known computer security threat, a computer virus is a program written to alter the way a computer operates, without the permission or knowledge of the user. A virus replicates and executes itself, usually doing damage to your computer in the process. Carefully evaluating free software, downloads from peer-to-peer file sharing sites, and emails from unknown senders are crucial to avoiding viruses. Most web browsers today have security settings which can be ramped up for optimum defense against online threats.
Malware is malicious software that enables unauthorized access to networks for purposes of theft, sabotage, or espionage. There are many types of malware, and many attacks use a combination of several types to achieve their goals. Malware is usually introduced into a network through phishing , malicious attachments, or malicious downloads, but it may gain access through social engineering or flash drives as well. Want unique insights into adversaries that our threat hunters have encountered in the first half of ? Download the Report from the OverWatch Team.
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A virus is a computer code or program, which is capable of affecting your computer data badly by corrupting or destroying them. Computer virus has the tendency to make its duplicate copies at a swift pace, and also spread it across every folder and damage the data of your computer system. A computer virus is actually a malicious software program or "malware" that, when infecting your system, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code. This is a computer program that replicates itself at a swift pace.
Viruses, worms, Trojan horses and related computer threats are commonly confused with each other because they often cause similar damage. Here are some distinguishing characteristics:. Virus A virus is a relatively small file that can copy itself into another file or program its host. It can be transmitted only if its host file or program is transmitted. Some viruses are designed to change themselves slightly in order to make their detection and removal more difficult. Many viruses are merely annoyances, but some can be very destructive.
This page provides an overview of the most common malware applications. Malware is a catch-all term for various malicious software, including viruses, adware, spyware, browser hijacking software, and fake security software. Once installed on your computer, these programs can seriously affect your privacy and your computer's security. For example, malware is known for relaying personal information to advertisers and other third parties without user consent. Some programs are also known for containing worms and viruses that cause a great deal of computer damage.
Related threats include other forms of destructive programs such as Trojan to general and specific information on various types of viruses, systems, and.
Perhaps the most sophisticated types of threats to computer systems are presented by programs that exploit vulnerabilities in computing systems. Malicious Programs. Malicious software can be divided into two categories:. The former are essentially fragments of programs that cannot exist independently of some actual application program, utility, or system program. Viruses, logic bombs, and backdoors are examples.
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