File Name: paul graham hackers and painters .zip
Want to get the main points of Hackers and Painters in 20 minutes or less? Read a quick 1-Page Summary, a Full Summary, or watch video summaries curated by our expert team. For example, Japanese fashion differs vastly from trends in the US or Europe. The author is comparing morals to weather. Both are highly location-dependent, seasonal and fluctuate a lot.
Most people think hackers are very calculated and meticulous. However, good hackers are the opposite. The definition of a hacker is often misunderstood. This is a dictionary where people can define words that are used colloquially.
Hacking is often associated with illegal activities. However, it can also be used to gain knowledge and learn how to do things better in order to create new concepts. For example, in college Paul Graham was taught to write his code on paper and then transfer it to a computer. However, he found that if he started coding on the machine and fixed problems as they came up, the result was much better than following the old method of writing everything out first.
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What's special about Shortform:. Sound like what you've been looking for? Sign up for a 5-day free trial here. She would get feedback from her family members by reading them her novels before finalizing them and asking for their opinions on the characters in her books.
As a programmer, your work is only as good as the feedback you get. Every bit of feedback will help make the next version better. Great chairs have to be comfortable. Software works the same way: you first build something functional, then make it look nice; a hack would never work as well and could even ruin the software so that no one wants to use it.
When this book was first published, it must have felt like a revelation. However, programmers are much more common now than they were 12 years ago. Therefore, learning to adopt the mentality of what makes a good programmer is still valuable today.
What else can you learn from the blinks? Like artists, good programmers focus on creating great things and the possibilities are endless. There are many misconceptions about programmers.
For instance, they dress poorly and act awkwardly in social situations, but this is because they care little about what people think of them. This rebellious spirit makes them great at programming, which can help anyone come up with innovative ideas. It may be surprising to learn that morals are not permanent.
They change with the times and location. Morals affect how you treat others, as well as what values you hold dear. It was very different from that of modern-day Germany. Clothing and moral fashion are constantly changing. What subgroups in society are oblivious to these changes? Some people are nerds. Nerds spend their time and energy learning new things instead of trying to fit in with popular groups or being fashionable.
In the real world after graduation , nerds seem to do just fine without being popular. When you think about the word hacker, what do you imagine? Most people probably picture a person who breaks into computers by doing tedious work. In the computer world, hackers are considered to be talented programmers. A hacker is similar to a painter in that they both solve problems by creating concepts rather than implementing them.
However, an artistic approach works better for me: just start writing code and solve the problems as they occur, much like a painter might just start sketching something and work from there without planning their work beforehand.
Both painters and hackers produce work that has value, which is hard to measure. For software, this depends on how well the software pleases the user by meeting his needs, and for art, on how well the work pleases the audience.
The author realized that art and computer science are more similar than different when he went to art school after college.
Both fields aim at creating good things, even though they take a very different approach to doing so. You may think that you have to follow the rules when programming, but this is not true. Hackers are curious about technology. Originally, when hacking was first considered a crime, the FBI had trouble prosecuting hackers. Their main motive was intellectual curiosity. This motive was unheard of for criminals. Programmers are often rebellious because they question authority. They challenge the status quo and strive to improve on it.
This is a good thing because questioning established ideas leads to innovation, which is essential for programming success. Many people dream of starting their own business, but most programmers should really consider doing it. However, if you found a start-up and worked hard at it, every hour of work would make it more likely that the company would succeed and pay off in millions as happened with this author.
Especially when doing so will create a product that everyone can enjoy. Just like painters must please their audience, hackers need to please their user. That means that when you start designing your product, the end user has to be at the center of it. The first thing you should do is create a prototype of your product and get feedback from potential users as soon as you can. This strategy is called Worse is Better, because even though the prototype might be simple at first, it will help you to identify any problems with the product before its full launch.
One example of this is Jane Austen, who read her books aloud to family members before publishing them. Her family was the first group of people she tested the book on. So you need to make sure that the product is what users want and expect from a chair.
The more users you have, the more successful your company will be. This is also a positive feedback loop: More users means more revenue which can then be reinvested in making your product even better so that even more people will use it and generate even more revenue for you. Programmers often list the languages they can code in. They only understand machine language, which is a series of ones and zeros that tell the computer what to do.
This means programmers also need compilers to translate programming languages into machine language. However, it makes sense to have so many different languages because each language is good for specific tasks.
Just like spoken languages, some programming languages are better than others at expressing certain things. The former has a few lines of code where the latter requires four.
This is why there are so many languages in existence. This was not possible until the s, when technology became more affordable for regular people. Nowadays anyone can come up with a new programming language or adapt existing ones according to their needs. If you were to analyze 1, paintings and divide the good from the bad, your evaluation would be based on your own taste. This is true for hackers who decide between good and bad programming languages.
As an example, if you design a programming language and years later publish an updated version, it will be better than the original. This is because your skills have improved along with your taste over time. So what makes a good programming language? But if it meets their needs, they will embrace and improve on it over time. This is inevitable because hackers are willing to work on improving languages for free as long as those languages meet their needs.
Publicly available languages, such as Perl and Python, can be used for free by anyone who wants to use them. They were created privately but later released to the public so that people could change and improve them.
So how do non-programmers choose the language? Programs written in a common language are more compatible with other programs and easier to find programmers who know that language.
If you have an employee who quits, it will be hard to replace her because the chances of finding another person familiar with that particular programming language is rare. As companies demand more coders with popular language skills, there will be a lot of hackers using those languages than obscure ones. Despite the advantages of using popular languages, there are also some disadvantages.
It was mentioned earlier that hackers can do anything. One example is tackling spam, the seemingly unstoppable flow of unsolicited advertisements that bombard inboxes. First, you could use a filter that would scan every email and put the ones most likely to be spam in your spam folder. Second, you could make an exception for certain words or phrases, like Lisp a programming language. In this case, stopping spam means that some important messages might be sent to your spam folder and therefore not get delivered to you.
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Want to get the main points of Hackers and Painters in 20 minutes or less? Read a quick 1-Page Summary, a Full Summary, or watch video summaries curated by our expert team. For example, Japanese fashion differs vastly from trends in the US or Europe. The author is comparing morals to weather. Both are highly location-dependent, seasonal and fluctuate a lot. Most people think hackers are very calculated and meticulous.
The ecstatic face of a disco dancer in Berlin; a rural panorama in Derry, where a country road has been made into a Pollock-like canvas of red, white and blue; an ashtray, framed by a lacy spray of blood in a Barcelona toilet. Paul Graham uses and Introduction to Political Theory is a text for the 21st century. It shows students why an understanding of theory is crucial to an understanding of issues and events in a rapidly shifting global political landscape. Bringing together classic and c
Taken from a web page of Paul Graham. (see madvirgin.orghtml). It is one of a dozen chapters in his book,. Hackers and Painters: Big Ideas.
Has Hackers and Painters by Paul Graham been sitting on your reading list? Pick up the key ideas in the book with this quick summary. Just like artists, good programmers focus on creating great things, and the possibilities of what you can do are virtually limitless. And this is not the only misconception non-programmers have about programmers. What do you think fashion and morals have in common?
We are living in the computer age, in a world increasingly designed and engineered by computer programmers and software designers, by people who call themselves hackers. Who are these people, what motivates them, and why should you care? Consider these facts: Everything around us is turning into computers.
We live in the computer age, a world increasingly shaped by programmers. Who are they, what motivates them, and what impact will they have on the rest of us? That impact is ever more visible. Everything around us is becoming computerized. Your typewriter is gone, replaced by a computer.
Господи Боже мой, Сьюзан, с тобой все в порядке. Она встала на ноги и расправила платье. - Все обошлось. Сьюзан огляделась.
Энсей Танкадо стал изгоем мирового компьютерного сообщества: никто не верил калеке, обвиняемому в шпионаже, особенно когда он пытался доказать свою правоту, рассказывая о какой-то фантастической дешифровальной машине АНБ. Самое странное заключалось в том, что Танкадо, казалось, понимал, что таковы правила игры. Он не дал волю гневу, а лишь преисполнился решимости. Когда службы безопасности выдворяли его из страны, он успел сказать несколько слов Стратмору, причем произнес их с ледяным спокойствием: - Мы все имеем право на тайну. И я постараюсь это право обеспечить.
Стратмор мгновенно взвесил все варианты. Если он позволит Хейлу вывести Сьюзан из шифровалки и уехать, у него не будет никаких гарантий. Они уедут, потом остановятся где-нибудь в лесу. У него будет пистолет… От этой мысли у Стратмора свело желудок. Кто знает, что произойдет, прежде чем он решит освободить Сьюзан… если он ее вообще освободит.
Этого не может. Росио игриво улыбнулась и кивнула на немца. - El queria que lo guardara. Он хотел его оставить, но я сказала .
Вы звонили Стратмору. - Да. Он уверяет, что в шифровалке полный порядок. Сказал, что ТРАНСТЕКСТ работает в обычном темпе. Что у нас неверные данные.
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