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Substantive Law And Procedural Law Pdf

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Procedural law , also called adjective law , the law governing the machinery of the courts and the methods by which both the state and the individual the latter including groups, whether incorporated or not enforce their rights in the several courts.

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What is the difference between procedural and substantive law?

Secured with SHA Encryption. Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J. We strive to help you make confident insurance and legal decisions.

Finding trusted and reliable insurance quotes and legal advice should be easy. Our opinions are our own. Editorial Guidelines : We are a free online resource for anyone interested in learning more about legal topics and insurance. Our goal is to be an objective, third-party resource for everything legal and insurance related. We update our site regularly, and all content is reviewed by experts. Procedural law in the United States provides the process that a case will go through whether it goes to trial or not.

The procedural law determines how a proceeding concerning the enforcement of substantive law will occur. Substantive law defines how the facts in the case will be handled, as well as how the criminal acts are to be charged.

In essence, it deals with the substance of the matter. Even though both types of law are affected by Supreme Court opinions and subject to constitutional interpretations, each serves a different function in the criminal justice system. Keep reading to find out more. If you require further legal help, just enter your ZIP code below. Procedural law is exactly what the name implies. It sets out the procedure for how a criminal case will proceed. Every state has its own set of procedures which are usually written out in a set of rules called a code of criminal procedure.

The basic rules which most jurisdictions follow include:. So, what is an example of procedural law? A procedural law example may be a method of filing a lawsuit such as the requirement of a complaint and service of summons; or rules of evidence such as the hearsay rule.

How much detail is required for each phase of the criminal procedures will vary depending on the nature of your individual charges and what agency is prosecuting you. For example, Texas has a bifurcated trial system where first you must be found guilty, and then the jury can hear punishment evidence.

A jury is given a range of punishment to assess in your case. The range of punishment for a first-degree felony is not less than five years and up to ninety-nine years or life. This is in stark contrast to the federal procedural law. Federal judges assess punishment and are required to utilize federal sentencing guidelines instead of a wide range system. Every charge is comprised of elements. Elements are the specific acts needed to complete a crime.

Substantive law requires that the prosecutor prove every element of a crime in order for someone to be convicted of that crime. For example, for a felony driving while intoxicated charge, most states require prosecutors to prove these situations:. In New Mexico, the prosecutor must show that you have previously been convicted three times for driving while intoxicated, while Texas only requires the prosecutor to prove two prior convictions.

One example is a person below the age of legal competence. For most purposes, in most states, the minority ends at age Because substantive laws and procedural laws vary by state, and sometimes even by county, make sure you consult with an experienced criminal law attorney in your jurisdiction if you are charged with a crime.

They will be more familiar with the rules and can help you invoke the protections outlined in the laws of your state.

Skip to content. What is the difference between procedural and substantive law? Substantive law forms the rights and obligations that control people and organizations and includes all laws of general and specific applicability. On the other hand, procedural law creates the legal rules by which substantive law is made, applied, and enforced, particularly in a court of law.

Table of Contents. Get Legal Help Today Find the right lawyer for your legal issue. Related Links Recent Articles What is pre-trial release? Federal v. What are the typical steps in a criminal proceeding? What is executive clemency and what is the procedure to file for it? How private are my conversations? State Felony Trials What is criminal contempt? Why is criminal procedure different from civil procedure? What are rules of criminal procedure?

Procedural law

Law is used to mean the rules made by the government to protect the fundamental rights of the citizens. Non-compliance or violation of the law can lead to punishment such as imprisonment or penalty. Laws are classified into two groups procedural law and substantive law, wherein the Procedural law administers the operation of a particular case, by conforming to the step by step process through which the case passes. On the contrary, the substantive law can be defined as one that comprises of statutory rules passed by the legislature, through the process of enactment, regulating the conduct of citizens. It talks about the structure and facts of the lawsuit. The article presented to you simplifies the difference between procedural law and substantive law, so take a read.


Procedural regulations enter into and condition all substantive law's becoming actual when there is a dispute. [W]hat substantive law says should be means.


Procedural law

Procedural law consists of the set of rules that govern the proceedings of the court in criminal lawsuits as well as civil and administrative proceedings. The court needs to conform to the standards setup by procedural law, while during the proceedings. These rules ensure fair practice and consistency in the " due process ". Substantive law is a statutory law that deals with the legal relationship between people or the people and the state.

The part of the law that creates, defines, and regulates rights, including, for example, the law of contracts, TORTS , wills, and real property; the essential substance of rights under law. Substantive law and procedural law are the two main categories within the law. Substantive law refers to the body of rules that determine the rights and obligations of individuals and collective bodies. Procedural law is the body of legal rules that govern the process for determining the rights of parties. For example, criminal law defines certain behavior as illegal and lists the elements the government must prove to convict a person of a crime.

Procedural law , adjective law , in some jurisdictions referred to as remedial law , or rules of court comprises the rules by which a court hears and determines what happens in civil , lawsuit , criminal or administrative proceedings. The rules are designed to ensure a fair and consistent application of due process in the U.

Differences in Structure and Content

Substantive law and Procedural law are two major categories within the law. Substantive law refers to how facts of each case are handled and how to penalize or ascertain damages in each case. Whereas, Procedural law refers to the different processes through which a case proceeds. Substantive laws define the legal relationship between different individuals, or between individuals and the State. Illustration: The question of whether an individual is competent to enter into a contract is dealt under Substantive Law, whereas the question of the time within which one party may sue another is dealt under Procedural Law. Substantive part of law establishes the rights, duties and liabilities of individuals. Procedural law establishes the methods, practices and ways in which a court proceeding takes place.

Difference Between Procedural Law and Substantive Law

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