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Article 29 And 30 Of Indian Constitution Pdf

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This right secures to religious and linguistic minorities a right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. Whenever, therefore, a group seeks its protection by challenging a law or executive action before a court, the foremost question that the court must dispose of a preliminary step is whether the group seeking protection is in fact a minority definable in terms of the article. The probe would require an enquiry into two questions, i What is a minority? The Constitution nowhere defines the terms 'minority', nor does it lay down sufficient indicia to the test for determination of a group as minority.

WHAT IS ARTICLE 30 OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION

Article 30 of the Indian constitution grants many rights to the religious or linguistic minorities in the country. Some social media posts are creating confusion about the provisions of this article. These posts claim that article 30A prohibits the teachings of Bhagvat Gita, Vedas and Puranas in the Indian schools while article 30 allows the teaching of the Quran, the Hadis in the Madarsa. We read the Constitution of India for this investigation, we found that there is no article in the Constitution named '30A'. As far as article 30 is concerned, this article is about the right of minorities to establish and run educational institutions.

The cultural and educational rights are intended to protect the interest of minorities. The object behind Articles 29 and 30 is the recognition and preservation of the different type of people, with diverse languages and different beliefs which constitutes the essence of secularism in India. Articles 29 and 30 do not more than seek to preserve the differences that exist, and at the same time, unite the people to form one strong nation. The right contained in article 29 1 may be exercised by setting up educational institutions and by imparting instructions to the children of their own community in their own language. Like Article 29 2 , Article 15 1 also prohibits discrimination against the citizens. However, there are significant differences between the two:. Article 29 2 prohibits denial of admission into educational institutions maintained or aided by the State on the ground only of religion, race, caste or language or any of them.

Cultural And Educational Rights : India, being a diverse country with a myriad of ethnic backgrounds, religious influence and varied sub- cultures, also have minority groups. The Cultural and Educational rights are measures to protect the rights of cultural, linguistic and religious minorities, by enabling them to conserve their heritage and protecting them against discrimination. Article 29 grants any section of citizens having a distinct language, script culture of its own the right to conserve and develop the same, and thus safeguards the rights of minorities by preventing the State from imposing any external culture on them. It also prohibits discrimination against any citizen for admission into any educational institutions maintained or aided by the State, on the grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them. To know more about Right to Equality visit here. However, this is subject to reservation of a reasonable number of seats by the State for socially and educationally backward classes, as well as reservation of up to 50 percent of seats in any educational institution run by a minority community for citizens belonging to that community.

Minority Rights - The Judicial Approach

Ancient India is considered to be a land of minorities from previous times which consists of various groups- racial, religious, linguistic and cultural. In India, people were divided by difference of religion, language, race, culture and socio-economic factors. It has now taken such root in India that it has become the prime source of inequality. The main purpose of the study is to deal with the present scenario of the minority groups. Article 30 of the Indian constitution proclaims that: 1 All minorities, whether or not they are based on religion or on language, they shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their own choice.


In this article, you can read all about Article 29 and Article 30 of Indian Constitution. Cultural & Educational Rights – Indian Polity: Download PDF Here.


Educational rights of minorities under article 30 A prime source of inequality

Constitution Distribution of Revenues No. Short title. Constitution of India, 1.

Wednesday, 10, Mar, Search Now. Category SideBar. Article 4 Constitution of India: Laws made under articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters.

India is a dynamic constitutional democracy with a feature of accommodating pluralism in thought and language so as to preserve cohesiveness and unity in diversity. The meaning of diversity has different connotations such as geographical, religious, linguistic, racial and cultural. To say India is linguistically diverse is not an exaggeration or any subjective thing. According to the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution , it recognizes 22 languages, which are:. Jamia Millia Islamia and Aligarh Muslim University are the prominent examples of minority educational institutions.

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First Amendment of the Constitution Act, [Extended to conflicts in which the State is not a participant the provision for a state of emergency to secure the public safety and preservation of the State in time of war or armed rebellion. Second Amendment of the Constitution Act, [An omnibus proposal, covering a range of disparate Articles, aimed at tidying up the Constitution in the light of experience since its enactment. Fifth Amendment of the Constitution Act, [Removed from the Constitution the special position of the Catholic Church and the recognition of other named religious denominations.

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Article 29 Constitution of India: Protection of interests of minorities

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Cultural and Educational Rights (Articles 29-30) | Explained

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1 Comments

Fieblabraram 05.05.2021 at 07:32

The Supreme Court has ruled in S.K. Patro v. State of Bihar, that a minority claiming privilege under article 30 should be minority in person residing in India.

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