File Name: private equity performance and liquidity risk .zip
The final IOSCO recommendations replace the existing principles of March and include new recommendations on contingency planning. They also consider additional liquidity management tools, to the extent allowed by local law and regulation, and consistent with the fund's investment strategy, the profile of the investor base and the fair treatment of investors. The recommendations are substantially the same as those in the consultation document see this article in our July newsletter. The proposed principles-based approach has been adopted and most of the recommendations are aligned with existing European standards and industry best practices. However, fund managers should note the need for full documentation of decisions in both the design and operational phases.
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In recent years, international bodies have strengthened the overall framework for liquidity risk management tools, while giving the national authorities broad discretion to select the tools that are made available to operators. In the AMF authorised the use of redemption gates and also published an instructional guide on stress tests. In , it is clarifying the framework for certain tools. The AMF amends its General Regulation and its policy to clarify the framework applicable to three liquidity risk management tools. The tools concerned by these modifications are as follows:. Skip to main content. Latest news.
From to mid, liquidity in the financial markets was high and private equity PE firms made large distributions to their investors, who reinvested these distributions into new PE funds. With the onset of the financial crisis of —, PE fund managers and investors faced severe liquidity problems. This chapter examines liquidity issues in PE within the context of the financial crisis. Since PE investments were illiquid and long term, effective exit strategies were difficult to achieve. The crisis revealed the need for investors to consider liquidity risk when designing portfolios. Liquidity is an important characteristic that distinguishes private equity PE from public equity Kleymenova, Talmor, and Vasvari The academic literature pioneered by Amihud and Mendelson contends that liquidity has a substantial impact on asset prices.
This article analyzes how the structure of listed private equity LPE is different from regular private equity. It notes the risk and return characteristics of listed private equity, and identifies the differences between limited partnership funds LPFs and LPEs. The next section considers the major characteristics of listed private equity, along with its advantages, possible shortcomings, and recent development.
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A hedge fund is a pooled investment fund that trades in relatively liquid assets and is able to make extensive use of more complex trading , portfolio -construction and risk management techniques in an attempt to improve performance, such as short selling , leverage , and derivatives. Hedge funds are regarded as alternative investments. Their ability to make more extensive use of leverage and more complex investment techniques distinguishes them from regulated investment funds available to the retail market, such as mutual funds and ETFs. They are also considered distinct from private-equity funds and other similar closed-end funds , as hedge funds generally invest in relatively liquid assets and are generally open-ended , meaning that they allow investors to invest and withdraw capital periodically based on the fund's net asset value , whereas private-equity funds generally invest in illiquid assets and only return capital after a number of years. Although hedge funds are not subject to many restrictions that apply to regulated funds, regulations were passed in the United States and Europe following the financial crisis of — with the intention of increasing government oversight of hedge funds and eliminating certain regulatory gaps.
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In the immediate aftermath of the financial crisis, debt was off limits for many investors but it is now the private market asset class of choice.