waste engine oil re refining and energy recovery pdf Tuesday, April 27, 2021 9:33:18 AM

Waste Engine Oil Re Refining And Energy Recovery Pdf

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Used oil reclaiming ; Used oil re-refining ; Used oil recycling ; Waste oil re-refining ; Waste oil recycling. Re-refining is the used oil processing aiming at recovering a valuable resource of mineral base oil, being as good as or better than the virgin base stock, and from which any petroleum-based lubricant can be produced. They involve several processing steps and hydrogenation. In the entry on used oil disposal and collection, we looked at the problems associated with used oil, its use as fuel, and simple recycling.

Re-refining Technologies

Used oil is any oil, whether refined from crude or synthetic, that has been contaminated by physical or chemical impurities as a result of use. Typical uses include automotive and industrial lubricants, including spent motor oil, hydraulic fluids, refrigeration coolants, metalworking and cutting oils, and electrical insulating oil.

Among the facilities generating used oil are vehicle repair shops, fleet maintenance facilities, industries, non-profit organizations, government agencies, and educational institutions. Used oil is also generated by private citizens who change the motor oil on their own vehicles and are known as household do-it-yourself oil changers or DIYs. New York State generally follows federal standards regulating all used oil facility types while at the same time State law provides numerous locations where a DIY who is otherwise exempt from regulation can return used oil for recycling.

Under Article 23, Title 23 of the Environmental Conservation Law ECL link leaves DEC's website , any service establishment that sells at least gallons per year of new oil and performs vehicle servicing must accept from the public, at no charge , up to 5 gallons of used oil per person per day. Retailers who don't service vehicles but sell at least 1, gallons per year of new oil must either accept used oil from the public, as service establishments do, or contract to have another service or retail establishment accept it on their behalf.

Federally based management standards are provided in for used oil generators, transporters and transfer facilities, processors and re-refiners, and for facilities that burn used oil for energy recovery.

This Subpart also provides standards for marketing used oil as a fuel, standards for used oil disposal, and the ECL-based requirements concerning acceptance of DIY used oil by service establishments and retailers.

Section Used oil regulations are based upon the "Recycling Presumption" of Mixing the oil with hazardous wastes or disposing the oil instead of recycling it invalidates the presumption. Provided that no mixing or disposal occurs, the oil is subject to its own set of regulatory standards, whether or not it displays any hazardous characteristics. Therefore, unlike other wastes, there is no need for a used oil generator to perform a hazardous waste determination when the used oil is generated.

All aboveground tanks and containers must be kept in good condition and must not leak. Aboveground tanks, containers, and the fill pipes of underground tanks must be labeled "USED OIL", and aboveground tanks must be labeled with the tank's design and working capacity, and API color code symbol purple square for used oil.

The fill pipes of underground tanks must also be labeled with the tank's capacity and API color code symbol purple square for used oil. All aboveground and underground used oil tanks, regardless of capacity, are subject to the standards of New York State's Petroleum Bulk Storage regulations in Part link leaves DEC's website , including registration of all used oil tanks, monthly visual inspection of aboveground tanks, and standards for new tank installations.

Secondary containment is required for all containers and aboveground tanks at transfer, processing, re-refining, and burning facilities. At generator facilities, secondary containment is required for aboveground tanks whose capacity is 10, gallons or greater and for smaller tanks if it can be reasonably expected that any leakage from the tank could contaminate the waters of New York State.

Even when not required, secondary containment at generator sites is strongly recommended. Transporters must comply with the standards of Section In addition, transporters must also comply with the following:. Your browser does not support iFrames. Navigation menu. Skip to main navigation Used Oil Introduction Used oil is any oil, whether refined from crude or synthetic, that has been contaminated by physical or chemical impurities as a result of use. Do-it-yourselfer DIY Used Oil Recycling New York State generally follows federal standards regulating all used oil facility types while at the same time State law provides numerous locations where a DIY who is otherwise exempt from regulation can return used oil for recycling.

Recycling Presumption Used oil regulations are based upon the "Recycling Presumption" of Storage Requirements Used oil may be stored in tanks stationary or containers portable , including drums. Transportation Requirements Transporters must comply with the standards of Section In addition, transporters must also comply with the following: Any person transporting more than 2, pounds of used oil approximately four gallon drums or gallons must obtain a Part link leaves DEC's website waste transporter permit from this Department and comply with those standards.

In addition to the requirements of Section Spillage of used oil is subject to the notification and clean-up standards of Article 12 of the Navigation Law link leaves DEC's website.

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Engine oils are made from crude oil and its derivatives by mixing of certain other chemicals additives for improving their certain properties. Lubricating oil is used to lubricate moving parts of engine, reducing friction, protecting against wear, and removing contaminants from the engine, act as a cleaning agent, and act as an anticorrosion and cooling agent. This research effort focuses on comparative study of re-refined engine oils by extraction of composite solvent, single solvent, and acid treatment methods. Composite solvent was made up of butanol-propane and butanone; propane was used as single solvent. Different properties of refined oil and waste oil were analyzed, such as cloud and pour point, flash point, specific gravity, ash content, viscosity, moisture ratio and acid value. Results from the flash point, pour point, viscosity, specific gravity, and ash percentage were improved at different degrees, but the best results were seen by using the composite solvent with having drawback of expensiveness.

Automotive oil recycling involves the recycling of used oils and the creation of new products from the recycled oils, and includes the recycling of motor oil and hydraulic oil. Oil recycling also benefits the environment: [1] increased opportunities for consumers to recycle oil lessens the likelihood of used oil being dumped on lands and in waterways. For example, one gallon of motor oil dumped into waterways has the potential to pollute one million gallons of water. Recycled motor oil can be combusted as fuel, usually in plant boilers, space heaters, or industrial heating applications such as blast furnaces and cement kilns. Used oil re-refining is the process of restoring used oil to new oil by removing chemical impurities, heavy metals and dirt.

Used oil is any oil, whether refined from crude or synthetic, that has been contaminated by physical or chemical impurities as a result of use. Typical uses include automotive and industrial lubricants, including spent motor oil, hydraulic fluids, refrigeration coolants, metalworking and cutting oils, and electrical insulating oil. Among the facilities generating used oil are vehicle repair shops, fleet maintenance facilities, industries, non-profit organizations, government agencies, and educational institutions. Used oil is also generated by private citizens who change the motor oil on their own vehicles and are known as household do-it-yourself oil changers or DIYs. New York State generally follows federal standards regulating all used oil facility types while at the same time State law provides numerous locations where a DIY who is otherwise exempt from regulation can return used oil for recycling.

Waste Engine Oils

These metrics are regularly updated to reflect usage leading up to the last few days. Citations are the number of other articles citing this article, calculated by Crossref and updated daily. Find more information about Crossref citation counts. The Altmetric Attention Score is a quantitative measure of the attention that a research article has received online. Clicking on the donut icon will load a page at altmetric.

Waste Engine Oils presents a complete description of the field of engine used oils, widely collected in the networks of services-stations and garages. It describes the manufacture of base oils in refineries, and mentions the main additives playing an essential role in the quality of the marketed finished oils. The organization of the different systems of collecting in order to obtain a waste oil regenerable or used as fuel are explained. This book covers the main operations of physical and chemical treatments required in waste oil regeneration by covering the fundamental principles techniques such as vacuum distillation, solvent deasphalting, and ultrafiltration.

These metrics are regularly updated to reflect usage leading up to the last few days. Citations are the number of other articles citing this article, calculated by Crossref and updated daily. Find more information about Crossref citation counts. The Altmetric Attention Score is a quantitative measure of the attention that a research article has received online. Clicking on the donut icon will load a page at altmetric.

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Re-refining Technologies

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