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The Kurds An Encyclopedia Of Life Culture And Society Pdf

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Kurdish culture

Kurds speak the Kurdish languages and the Zaza—Gorani languages , which belong to the Western Iranian branch of the Iranian languages in the Indo-European language family. However, that promise was broken three years later, when the Treaty of Lausanne set the boundaries of modern Turkey and made no such provision, leaving Kurds with minority status in all of the new countries. Kurds in Iraq and Syria have autonomous regions, while Kurdish movements continue to pursue greater cultural rights , autonomy , and independence throughout Kurdistan. The exact origins of the name Kurd are unclear. There are, however, dissenting views, which do not derive the name of the Kurds from Qardu and Corduene but opt for derivation from Cyrtii Cyrtaei instead. Regardless of its possible roots in ancient toponymy, the ethnonym Kurd might be derived from a term kwrt- used in Middle Persian as a common noun to refer to " nomads " or "tent-dwellers," which could be applied as an attribute to any Iranian group with such a lifestyle. The term gained the characteristic of an ethnonym following the Muslim conquest of Persia , as it was adopted into Arabic and gradually became associated with an amalgamation of Iranian and Iranicised tribes and groups in the region.

This indispensable resource for Western readers about the Kurds—an ancient indigenous group that exemplifies diversity in the Middle East—examines their history, politics, economics, and social structure. The Kurds: An Encyclopedia of Life, Culture, and Society provides an insightful examination the Kurds—from their historical beginning to today—through thematic and country-specific essays as well as important primary documents that allow for a greater understanding of the diversity and pluralism of the region. This single-volume work looks at the Kurds from a variety of angles and disciplines, including history, anthropology, economics, religion, geography, and musicology, to cover the ethnic populations of the original Kurdish homeland states as well as of the diaspora. The book evaluates sources in Kurdish both Kurmanci and Sorani in addition to information of Arabic, Persian, and Turkish origin to present broad, up-to-date coverage that will serve nonspecialist readers, high school and college students, and professionals, journalists, politicians, and other decision makers who require accurate perspectives on Kurdish history and culture. Additionally, an entire section of the book provides excerpts of primary sources selected for their importance to Kurdish history and identity. These 20 primary source excerpts are accompanied by introductions and analysis that enable readers to fully appreciate their political, religious, and cultural importance. Helpful to the nonspecialist are discussions of relevant belief claims and behavior patterns, and the effect of sacred tradition on the life of the people.

The four principles of healthcare ethics namely Autonomy, Beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice presented by Beauchamp and Childress, provide us a direction to estimate the significance of the ethical decision in clinical setting. Always follow the four basic principles of nursing ethics: justice, autonomy, beneficence, and nonmaleficence. Justice Nonmaleficence Beneficencecounselling relationship. Informed consent is a procedure designed to assure which of the following ethical principles? Part 2: Evaluation. With their assistance, people who are sick will find a caring and sympathetic voice at their side.

Freedom Peace

Kurd , member of an ethnic and linguistic group living in the Taurus Mountains of southeastern Anatolia , the Zagros Mountains of western Iran , portions of northern Iraq , northeastern Syria , and western Armenia , and other adjacent areas. The Kurds are thought to number from 25 million to 30 million, including communities in Armenia, Georgia , Kazakhstan , Lebanon , Syria, and Europe, but sources for this information differ widely because of differing criteria of ethnicity , religion, and language; statistics may also be manipulated for political purposes. The traditional Kurdish way of life was nomadic , revolving around sheep and goat herding throughout the Mesopotamian plains and the highlands of Turkey and Iran. Most Kurds practiced only marginal agriculture. The enforcement of national boundaries beginning after World War I —18 impeded the seasonal migrations of the flocks, forcing most of the Kurds to abandon their traditional ways for village life and settled farming; others entered nontraditional employment. The prehistory of the Kurds is poorly known, but their ancestors seem to have inhabited the same upland region for millennia. Most Kurds are Sunni Muslims, and among them are many who practice Sufism and other mystical sects.

Culture and Society

Kurdish culture is a group of distinctive cultural traits practiced by Kurdish people. The Kurdish culture is a legacy from ancient peoples who shaped modern Kurds and their society. Kurds are an ethnic group indigenous to West Asia. In addition to these areas, the Kurds are present in a few numbers in south-western Armenia and some areas of Azerbaijan and Lebanon. There is a lot of controversy about the Kurdish people from their origins, their history, and even their political future.

Between 25 and 35 million Kurds inhabit a mountainous region straddling the borders of Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Iran and Armenia. They make up the fourth-largest ethnic group in the Middle East, but they have never obtained a permanent nation state. The Kurds are one of the indigenous peoples of the Mesopotamian plains and the highlands in what are now south-eastern Turkey, north-eastern Syria, northern Iraq, north-western Iran and south-western Armenia.

Freedom Peace. We promote and support the work of individuals in the cause of religious freedom. It challenges students to celebrate America by thanking our public service personnel and military. Learn how to approach this new beginning, and how to increase inner peace, love, freedom, fellowship, goodness and sacredness. She said Soup Joumou is important to the tradition - and why it stands for freedom and peace - because Haitian slaves were not allowed to eat the soup by those that enslaved them in Colonial times.

Акулы со скоростными модемами успеют скачать чудовищные объемы секретной информации через открывшееся окно. Из размышлений об этом кошмаре его вывела Соши, подбежавшая к подиуму со свежей распечаткой. - Я кое-что нашла, сэр! - возбужденно сказала.  - Висячие строки в источнике. Альфа-группы повсюду.

 Это невозможно, - сказал директор.  - Вы представляете, каковы будут последствия. Джабба отлично знал, что директор прав. Более трех тысяч узлов Независимой цифровой сети связывают весь мир с базой данных агентства. Каждый день военные оценивают моментальные спутниковые снимки всех передвижений по территории потенциальных противников.

Kurds: An Encyclopedia of Life, Culture, and Society - E-bog


Ellis T. 24.05.2021 at 23:44

The Kurds: An Encyclopedia of Life, Culture, and Society provides an insightful examination the Kurds—from their historical beginning to today—through.

Aleron C. 28.05.2021 at 23:02

The Kurds: an Encyclopedia of Life, Culture, and Society, ed. Sebastian Maisel, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, Metin Atmaca. madvirgin.orghStudies.

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