File Name: a native american encyclopedia history culture and peoples .zip
This unit on Native American Music is to be taught in conjunction with the third grade classroom study of Southwestern and Northeastern tribes.
The thoughts and perspectives of indigenous individuals, especially those who lived during the 15th through 19th centuries, have survived in written form less often than is optimal for the historian. Because such documents are extremely rare, those interested in the Native American past also draw information from traditional arts , folk literature , folklore , archaeology , and other sources. Native American history is made additionally complex by the diverse geographic and cultural backgrounds of the peoples involved. As one would expect, indigenous American farmers living in stratified societies, such as the Natchez , engaged with Europeans differently than did those who relied on hunting and gathering, such as the Apache.
The largest digital state encyclopedia in the country. The Handbook of Texas is a digital state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association TSHA that is free and accessible on the Internet for students, teachers, scholars, and the general public. These entries emphasize the role Texans played in state, national, and world history. In the Handbook website experienced 10,, page views with 4,, unique users from countries and territories, making it not only a Texas resource, but a global one. Read more. The University of Texas at Austin supported scholarship focused on Texas history and maintained a continuous relationship with the TSHA by providing office space and employing staff members as University faculty. In the six-volume Handbook included 23, entries and illustrations within 6, pages.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the inhabitants of the Americas before the arrival of the European settlers in the 15th century, and the ethnic groups who now identify themselves with those peoples. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers —and many, especially in the Amazon basin , still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, city-states, chiefdoms , states , kingdoms and empires. Some had varying degrees of knowledge of engineering, architecture, mathematics, astronomy, writing, physics, medicine, planting and irrigation, geology, mining, sculpture and goldsmithing. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Bolivia , Canada , Ecuador , Guatemala , Mexico , Peru and the United States. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas.
North America, the third-largest continent , extends from the tiny Aleutian Islands in the northwest to the Isthmus of Panama in the south. Vespucci was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not part of the East Indies , but an entirely separate landmass. The portions of the landmass that widened out north of the Isthmus of Panama became known as North America. From their beginnings to the present day, the peoples of North America have worked with and against their surroundings in order to survive and prosper. Historic Cultures Indigenous cultures shaped, and were shaped by, the geography of North America. The first North Americans are believed to have migrate d from Siberia, in northeast Asia, by crossing a land bridge over the Bering Strait.
Native American Pottery Makers Marks Not only does this method allow for strength but, in some cases, skilled weavers have created baskets with one pattern on the inside and a different pattern on the outside of the same basket. There are so many potters in todays pueblos, it is very difficult to find information about all these wonderful artists. The Mudd Gang welcomes you to enjoy our handcrafted pottery and story. The art pottery movement began in American and Britain during the s. Gallery established Each piece is handcrafted using modern techniques and signed by Navajo pottery artists.
The Oxford Handbook of American Indian History explores major topics and themes in the Native American past and helps readers to identify major resources for further study and research. The book presents the story of the indigenous peoples who lived—and live—in the territory that became the United States. It describes the major aspects of the historical change that occurred over the past years, with chapters by leading experts, both Native and non-Native, that focus on significant moments of upheaval and change, place-based histories of major centers of indigenous occupation, and overviews of major aspects of Indian community and national life.
At the time of European contact, some of the Indigenous people were traditionally semi- nomadic tribes who subsisted on hunting , fishing , gathering and migrant agriculture. Many tribes suffered extinction as a consequence of the European settlement and many were assimilated into the Brazilian population. The Indigenous population was decimated by European diseases, declining from a pre-Columbian high of 2 to 3 million to some , as of [update] , distributed among tribes. A linguistic survey  [ citation needed ] found living indigenous languages with , total speakers. With this addition Brazil passed New Guinea , becoming the country with the largest number of uncontacted peoples in the world. Questions about the original settlement of the Americas has produced a number of hypothetical models. The origins of these Indigenous people are still a matter of dispute among archaeologists.
Глаза Халохота закатились, глядя в пустоту. Странно, но его очки ничуть не пострадали. Странные очки, подумал Беккер, увидев проводок, который тянулся от ушных дужек к коробочке, пристегнутой к брючному ремню. Но он настолько устал, что ему было не до любопытства.
Голос его прозвучал, как всегда, твердо: - А как же мой план с Цифровой крепостью. Хейл засмеялся: - Можете пристраивать к ней черный ход - я слова не скажу. - Потом в его голосе зазвучали зловещие нотки.
- Он привлек внимание к тексту на экране. - Кто-нибудь может мне объяснить, что это. ВАС МОЖЕТ СПАСТИ ТОЛЬКО ПРАВДА ВВЕДИТЕ КЛЮЧ______ Джабба не дождался ответа.
3 - Да! - скомандовал Фонтейн. - Нажимайте. Сьюзан задержала дыхание и опустила палец на клавишу Ввод.
Бринкерхофф опустился на стул, слушая, как стук ее каблуков затихает в конце коридора. По крайней мере Мидж не станет болтать. У нее есть и свои слабости.
Сьюзан, не поднимая глаз, поджала ноги и продолжала следить за монитором. Хейл хмыкнул. Сьюзан уже привыкла к агрессивному поведению Хейла.
В центре находился красный кружок с надписью БАЗА, вокруг которого располагались пять концентрических окружностей разной толщины и разного цвета. Внешняя окружность была затуманена и казалась почти прозрачной. - У нас имеется пять уровней защиты, - объяснял Джабба. - Главный бастион, два набора пакетных фильтров для Протокола передачи файлов, Х-одиннадцать, туннельный блок и, наконец, окно авторизации справа от проекта Трюфель.
А ну-ка пропусти меня, Грег, - сказала. - Мне нужно в туалет. Хейл ухмыльнулся, но, подождав еще минуту, отошел в сторону.
This volume was originally published by ABC-CLIO in as a two-volume set called Native Americans: An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Peoples.