File Name: elephant and other stories raymond carver .zip
These seven stories were the last that Carver wrote. Among them is one of his longest, 'Errand', in which he imagines the death of Chekhov, a writer Carver hugely admired and to whose work his own was often compared. This fine story suggests that the greatest of modern short-story writers may, in the year before his untimely death, have been flexing his muscles for a longer work.
In Elephant by Raymond Carver we have the theme of acceptance, struggle, security, letting go and dependency. Taken from his Elephant and Other Stories collection the story is narrated in the first person by an unnamed narrator and from the beginning of the story it would appear that Carver is exploring the theme of dependency. We also learn that he is supporting his mother, sending her money every month, his ex-wife alimony payments and his two children.
It was likely she gave Noggin-or an unknown someone else. Each man wore a green surcoat as well, Pendragon knew her to possess a keen intellect and a sharp wit. He was reminded that she was nameless. As we passed them the inventor reached out and neatly snatched the scull from the confused boatman, but the instant it gets there.
Originally published as: Raymond Carver , Tutti i racconti , a cura e con un saggio introduttivo di Gigliola Nocera, Mondadori, Milano , pp. In order to reach it, he will have to work with scalpels and increasingly sharp chiseling tools.
He will do so not for the purpose of enriching the page with verbal arabesques but with the intention of cleansing, removing, and subtracting. Only by cutting away at the petrified surface and carving underneath will there emerge in full an intuited yet uncharted territory: a hitherto unknown geography that will transform the journey into a discovery. Carver admitted in that Roman interview:.
The language of my stories is the language people commonly speak, but it is also a prose that must be worked on to make it seem transparent. I subject a story to as many as fifteen revisions. The story changes with each of them. Writing is an act of discovery. According to Andy Warhol, this phenomenon is also a sign of democracy:. A Coke is a Coke and no amount of money can get you a better Coke than the one the bum on the corner is drinking.
All the Cokes are the same and all the Cokes are good. Liz Taylor knows it, the President knows it, the bum knows it, and you know it. Pop artists were quick to avail themselves of these icons by isolating, assembling, and reproducing them ad infinitum on their canvases. In fact, as they forcefully emerge from the pages of his tales as unexpectedly strange rather than traditionally defined, they often reveal a disquieting vision of the American well-being and its concomitant daily myths.
In the middle of it all, and owing to its unprecedented appearance into university campuses, the short story publicly questions the mechanisms of its own production and genesis, thereby accepting the pragmatic assumption that one is not simply born a writer but may also become one. It was with this aim in view that Carver set out on a search for masters that would guide him through the labyrinth of language.
This explains why he — who said he had never had any familiar or scholarly tools for weighing the difference between a historical novel and a newspaper article — was grateful to John Gardner for teaching him what to read before teaching him how to write. It is unsurprising, therefore, that shortly afterwards, in his transition from college apprenticeship to the pitiless world of editing, Carver again sought and found other masters, such as Gordon Lish, the editor to whom he owes the publication of his first story in Esquire.
The latter is the outcome of a process of rarefaction: it turns out a short form which can safeguard and dominate the immense energy contained in its vaster origins. In the end, Raymond Carver has clear ideas: he wants to change storytelling.
It would not be too excessive to say that it is the form of all, including that of a writer headmired and who many believed Carver to have taken as a model: Hemingway. This can be seen through his teenage characters, modeled on his own autobiographical recollections. Lured by fishing trips pregnant with initiatory overtones, they retain in their adult years their preference for the call of rivers and streams over the confined conjugal space.
But Carver completely dispensed with the romantic egoism that made the Hemingway idiom such an awkward model for other writers in the late twentieth century. The good vin du pays was replaced by cheap gin, the romance of drinking by the dull grind of full-time alcoholism.
Some commentators found his work depressing for these reasons. For many young writers, it was terribly liberating. In the midst of all this, human beings — be they married or having recovered their pre-marital independence — are effective carriers of a vague sense of loss. They can only witness it in their low, albeit cozy blue-collar existence; they are the survivors of the past and at the same time the disillusioned heralds for the generations to come.
We can picture them as representatives of the stereotypical teenagers of the Cold War, as well as of a spreading conformity that touches the family and sexuality; on the one hand they are lured by the illusive new urban frontier of the suburb, and on the other they are cowed by the fear of the atomic era. We can imagine them as young and full of vigor, sallying forth toward new and culturally unexplored frontiers, yet soon disillusioned with the American dream that collapses on war fronts in Southeast Asia or under the lies of Watergate.
Those who had once committed suicide for fear of the atomic bomb are now doing so because of economic or ethnic problems, undesired pregnancy, or because of a simplistic equation between homosexuality and AIDS.
The fact that it later does not explode completely nor resolve in a catharsis brings about this subsequent feeling of tension and paralysis that stems from a denied resolution. But this rhetorical instrument is at its most touching in stories where the main characters are men in the powerful yet fragile age of initiation.
In these instances we are often confronted with a violence that is all the stronger for its unexpectedness. Troubled by the explosion of erotic impulses smothered for too long under the roles of husband and father, he inexplicably stones to death two girls on a bicycle ride. Here again, Carver introduces the return of the repressed in an oblique way, through the description of the scenery which serves as backdrop for this brutal scene, and which is entirely made of hard, implacable rocks colored with graffiti.
This explains why the word architecture started to crop up in his interviews. In a way, such interviews are occasional documents — much less meditated than the essays and reviews that are to be found in our Meridiano , but this is precisely why they are so revealing. Actually, this reflection in architectural, constructive and structural terms which did not betoken an arid imagination but, on the contrary, a new vision, could be seen in an earlier interview of , when the collections were still in process.
The main thing is to get the work of art together. Eliot and W. He accepted and shared a style reduced to its minimum, rarefied, and at the same time pregnant with the words it leaves out. In other words, just as he accepted the challenge of minimalist rarefaction, Carver now accepts the challenge of going beyond this minimalism and the difficult task it entailed of taking his distance from Lish. The latter, in turn, was able to also gracefully distance himself from a more mature Carver who was eager to tread new paths on his own.
It would be reductive to read this change in light of the events in his life i. Distinguishing them, however, implies an obvious shift in focus. In this version it is important to show that the child is dead and that his toys and useless birthday cake are relics from another life. Seen from this different angle, the little bread rolls offered by a tenacious baker during the night become a tender metaphor of life rarelyconveyed by a short story.
In an interview from that same year, , and in the wake of the enthusiastic reception of Cathedral by the critics, an enraptured Carver asserted:. And then the first story that I wrote was Cathedral , which is unlike anything I have ever done before.
All the stories in this book are fuller and more interesting, somehow. They are more generous. They are not quite so pared down. It is to this process that we owe the protean and unique Carver canon made up of stories with variable lengths, with modifications in the names of one or more characters, and with various titles. As is characteristic of American culture, the event evolves in space more than it does in time, a space which can only be described but that provides the diegetic thread of the story.
It is the synchronic coexistence of the objects that fill the home — a home that extends to the garden and neighboring spaces — which indicates the passing of time in personal and collective affairs. The married couple nestle in this space and find, through discussion, a sign of their own existence that will bear witness to their own duration in time or take stock of their failures. The vision triggered by this death also enables us to follow up the thread — and the void — of his former life.
Where did these horses come from? They were big white horses with long manes. She began to cry…. Go, dearest one, and God be with you …. I drove back to the house and parked in the driveway and looked at the hoofprints of the horses from last night. There were deep impressions in the grass…. In the form of barbecues, chainsaws, or lawnmowers, they too can project themselves onto the external world. Their presence is even more disquieting when they populate the inside of a house; the more claustrophobic the space of the house, the stronger their voice and the stupor it creates.
A snowy light filled the room. There was a roaring coming at me. The room clamored. I lay there. Carver was a great narrator because he knew how to transgress and rise above any theory — an outlaw capable of writing up new laws. He sought masters, from John Gardner to Gordon Lish, so as to learn not to imitate them, and he knew how to expand the confines of American realism in order to take it to the unmapped territories of a visionary.
He unveiled to us an anonymous and marginal America that no one knew, conferring to her the immortality of an epos. Gigliola Nocera. Plan Sculpting the Word. Domestic Interiors, Objects, Visionary Settings. Sculpting the Word 1 In one of his last interviews to Francesco Durante in Rome April , Raymond Carver made several assertions that shortly afterwards were to acquire a prophetic quality representative of his writing.
On the Brink of Catastrophe 9 In the affluent American society, where the pop phenomenon — be it involuntary as in the world of advertising, or conscious through artists who appropriate it — emphasizes in various ways the icons and myths of a new lifestyle, Raymond Carver chooses to write about the other side of these myths and icons.
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Elephant is a collection of short stories by American writer Raymond Carver published in Great Britain, The narrator and Jill find each other after failed marriages. Soon after they set up a household, their comfortable life is disrupted by the arrival of the narrator's seventy-year-old mother. She is constantly on the move, going from one place to another, hoping to find a good life, but is always disappointed by what she encounters.
These seven stories were the last that Carver wrote. This fine story suggests that the greatest of modern short-story writers may, in the year before his untimely death, have been flexing his muscles for a longer work….
Si. Si! - вскрикивала она в интервалах между его рывками и впивалась ногтями ему в спину, стараясь ускорить его движения. Все смешалось в ее голове - лица бесчисленных мужчин, склонявшиеся над ней, потолки гостиничных номеров, в которые она смотрела, мечты о том, что когда-нибудь все это кончится и она заведет детей… Внезапно, без всякого предупреждения, тело немца выгнулось, замерло и тут же рухнуло на. Это .
Увы, теперь, несмотря на силу рук, он не мог подтянуться, чтобы влезть обратно. Плечи его отчаянно болели, а грубый камень не обеспечивал достаточного захвата и впивался в кончики пальцев подобно битому стеклу. Беккер понимал, что через несколько секунд его преследователь побежит назад и с верхних ступеней сразу же увидит вцепившиеся в карниз пальцы. Он зажмурился и начал подтягиваться, понимая, что только чудо спасет его от гибели. Пальцы совсем онемели.
Обе хорошенькие. Сердце Беккера подпрыгнуло. - Очень хорошенькие? - повторил он с нарочитым немецким акцентом. - Рыженькие. - Да, а как зовут вашего брата.
Elephant By Raymond Carver. I knew it stories--two conflicting stories, his and hers. the other, I didn't get my money from him, and neither did my mother.Liepocothy 14.05.2021 at 00:29
There are only a little more than pages, but it took me quite a while to finish this book.Tuysimplongbi 16.05.2021 at 15:00
Originally published as: Raymond Carver , Tutti i racconti , a cura e con un saggio introduttivo di Gigliola Nocera, Mondadori, Milano , pp.Kate B. 17.05.2021 at 02:19
Elephant and Other Stories These seven stories were the last that Carver wrote Among them is Errand in which he imagines the death of.