File Name: modern history of india and indian culture .zip
This post is a compilation of our most viewed notes on Indian History, which we think our readers should not miss. Check Indian History notes category, if you want to read the complete archives. For Mains topics like Ancient India and Medieval India are not explicitly mentioned in the syllabus, but culture is included which covers many aspects of ancient and medieval periods. Take a Free Test. History and Culture are very related topics, particularly with respect to ancient and medieval India. Asoka and Buddhism are deeply bonded, the same way we cannot study Shah Jahan without commenting on Taj Mahal.
The history of independent India began when the country became an independent nation within the British Commonwealth on 15 August Direct administration by the British, which began in , affected a political and economic unification of the subcontinent. When British rule came to an end in , the subcontinent was partitioned along religious lines into two separate countries—India, with a majority of Hindus, and Pakistan, with a majority of Muslims. The partition led to a population transfer of more than 10 million people between India and Pakistan and the death of about one million people. Indian National Congress leader Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India , but the leader most associated with the independence struggle , Mahatma Gandhi , accepted no office.
According to consensus in modern genetics anatomically modern humans first arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa between 73, and 55, years ago. Settled life, which involves the transition from foraging to farming and pastoralism, began in South Asia around 7, BCE. At the site of Mehrgarh , Balochistan , Pakistan , presence can be documented of the domestication of wheat and barley, rapidly followed by that of goats, sheep, and cattle. This civilisation flourished between 2, BCE and BCE in what today is Pakistan and north-western India, and was noted for its urban planning, baked brick houses, elaborate drainage, and water supply. In early second millennium BCE persistent drought caused the population of the Indus Valley to scatter from large urban centres to villages.
Religion and Philosophy in India: Ancient Period: Pre-Vedic and Vedic. Religion Short History of the Sanskrit literature: The Vedas, The Brahmanas and. Upanishads Indian Culture during the Modern and Contemporary Period. .
In India today,with a growing economy due to liberalization and more consumption than ever in middle class life, food as something to be enjoyed and as part of Indian culture is a popular topic. From a s food economy verging on famine, India is now a society where food appears plentiful, and the aesthetic possibilities are staggering. Cooking shows that demonstrate culinary skills on television, often with celebrity chefs or unknown local housewives who may have won a competition, dominate daytime ratings. Local indigenous specialties and ways of cooking are the subjects of domestic and international tourism brochures. Metropolitan restaurants featuring international cuisines are filled with customers.
Indian society is collectivistic and promotes social cohesion and interdependence. The traditional Indian joint family, which follows the same principles of collectivism, has proved itself to be an excellent resource for the care of the mentally ill. However, the society is changing with one of the most significant alterations being the disintegration of the joint family and the rise of nuclear and extended family system.
India's history and culture is dynamic, spanning back to the beginning of human civilization.
In ancient times, people from all over the world were keen to come to India. The Persians followed by the Iranians and Parsis immigrated to India. Then came the Moghuls and they too settled down permanently in India. Chengis Khan, the Mongolian, invaded and looted India many times. Alexander the Great too, came to conquer India but went back after a battle with Porus.
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Indian culture is the heritage of social norms , ethical values , traditional customs, belief systems , political systems , artifacts and technologies that originated in or are associated with the Indian subcontinent. The term also applies beyond India to countries and cultures whose histories are strongly connected to India by immigration, colonization, or influence, particularly in South Asia and Southeast Asia. India's languages , religions , dance , music , architecture , food and customs differ from place to place within the country.
Located in the continent of Asia, India covers 2,, square kilometers of land and , square kilometers of water, making it the 7th largest nation in the world with a total area of 3,, square kilometers. India is a land of ancient civilizations. India's social, economic, and cultural configurations are the products of a long process of regional expansion.
Indian History. • Culturally, India showed signs of exhaustion during the 18th century. But at the same time, culture remained wholly traditionalist as well as.Anand4N 10.05.2021 at 01:59
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